Each and every nation has some memorable, red-letter or significant days. As an independent nation in the world, Bangladesh is not an exception to it. Such a day in the history is remembered and observed with due respect and solemnity.
The 21st of February (Now International Mother Language Day )in this regard is a historic and memorable day. It is also a red-letter day in our national life. On this day the nation bows down with a rich tribute to the language martyrs. The day comes to us every year with the passage of time and us people at home and abroad observe it in a befitting manner Highlighting the significance of the day.
History of 21 February
Pakistan gained independence from Great Britain in 1947. Two nation has emerged in the world map. These are India and Pakistan. It is noteworthy that Pakistan is divided into two regions.
East Pakistan (Present Bangladesh) and West Pakistan(Present Pakistan). Majority of the people of West Pakistan spoke in Bangla. Pakistan Government imposed Urdu as a mother language day. People of west Pakistan stood against this decision.
Different seminars rallies are held against this decision. In 1952 Pakistani Government imposed section 144 against the general people of Bangladesh.
The people of Bangladesh break the section 144. Pakistani police shot the general people in front of Dhaka Medical College. Salam, Barket, Rafique, Jabber, Shafiul had been killed on this day. The people of East Pakistan stood against the government.
They started a movement against the government policy as well as government. At last Pakistan government had to declare Bangla as State Language of East Pakistan.
From that day, the day was celebrated as a Basha Dibosh in Bangladesh or Shaheed Dibosh / Language Movement Day. The day is a public holiday in Bangladesh. This is the short history of Bengali Language Movement. In Bangladesh, this movement is known as Bhasa Andolan in Bengali.