Environment Pollution Essay 1
Pollution means spoiling the purity of a thing. So environment pollution means the destruction of the purity of our environment. In our Bangladesh, the problem is growing more and more acute. So, it affects our health and causes loss to us in different ways.
Air, water, plants, animals etc. form our environment. Pure air is essential for our health. On the contrary, impure air is injurious to our health. In cities and towns, most people live in congested areas. The most common factor that pollutes air is smoke. All types of smoke pollute the air. Man makes the fire to cook food, to make bricks, to burn refuse and to melt pitch etc. All these create smoke and pollute the air. Railway engines, buses, trucks, and other vehicles emit smoke and thus pollute the air. The serious air pollution occurs in big industrial areas and big cities. Air pollution causes pneumonia, bronchitis and other respiratory diseases.
Water can be polluted in many ways. Chemical fertilizers and insecticides used by the farmers in their fields pollute water. Mills and factories pollute water by throwing waste products of many poisonous chemicals into rivers and canals.
Human waste and filth that fall into rivers and canals from unsanitary latrines pollute water.
Another kind of pollution is sound pollution. Sound pollution is caused by the use of different kinds of horns of vehicles and the indiscriminate use of microphones, loudspeakers, slogans, film songs, crackers during religious festivals etc.
Plants are our great friends. Trees take carbon dioxide from the air and give us life-giving oxygen. But people recklessly cut down trees. Consequently, a fertile land turns into a desert. Some animals and birds are of great use to us. Their proper maintenance is essential for our good.
Therefore, we should be conscious to keep our environment free from pollution. Otherwise, it will create a great dangerous situation for our life, property and above all future generation.
Environment Pollution Essay-2
Introduction: Environment consists of air, water, earth, flora fauna, human beings, their activities, trees and plants.
Causes of pollution: There are many factors causing high and intolerable pollution. Consumerism is one of them. The rapidly increasing consumerism gets changed and worsens the condition. Man on earth is a single powerful agent of environment. Instead of making efforts to adapt himself with the environment, he tries loolishly to change it to suit his consumerism. Many luxurious items like refregarator, air conditioner, room refreshener etc being increasingly used are causing irreparable damages to our protective layer of ozone because of the dangerous chemical called CFCs. The chlorine atoms cleased from hole on our ozone umbrellas over the Anterctic and the gaping hole is increasing fast in its size. The selfindulgence of our consumerism is also expediting human doors. The use of plastics is a villain of the peace. So the use of harmful substances should be phased at the earliest. Quality of life is one of the most important indicators of development. No development, worth its name, can be at the cost of people’s health. Since health and progress always go together, the former is another name of pollution free environment. As individuals we cannot progress, prosper and be productive in polluted atmosphere. Material affluence is meaningless amidist poisoned air, dirty water, choking air, deafening noise and heap of dirt of dust all around. Development should be sustainable without the cost of environment. It is an ongoing process but not a one time affair. We should remember that the progress and protection of environment is suicidal and reminds us of the utterly foolish farmer who killed the goose out of greed to have all the eggs at a time or in one go.
Mills and factories: Mills, factories and industries play an important role in development. But they have proved counter productive. They have been discharging toxic chemicals and other wastes in the environment. Indistrial and economic develoment should be such as not to deplete natural resources and damage and degrade the environment. Unfortunately, man has been mostirminding his own doom and destruction in the name of Industrialisation and development. Deforestation on a large scale is causing a great harm to our environment, as well as the ecological system. Bio-diversity is in danger and many species of animals, birds,
Changing climate: The change in climate affects seriously to our environment. Overpopulation has also put a tremendous pressure on natural resources, and environment. The level of ground water is going down for pumping out excessive water. The use of artificial and chemical fertilizer has enormously quickened this process of land and water degradation.
Brick kilns: Most people are not aware and conscious of it. They throw plastics, garbage, trash, ashes, sludge, useless bottles, cans, bags etc here and there. Then they get rotten and dumped and then make the environment dirty, stinky and polluted. These harmful things need a proper checking for protection of the environment. Brick kilns has been continuing to ravage our enviornment. Despite repeated concern environmentatists there seem expressed by brickfields which are not only environmental hazards but also a to be no steps taken against threat to our limited forest resources as well. Every year thousands of trees are cut down in order to make bricks. The pollutants produced by the brickfields are a result of the combustion of wood, coal, digging of brick earth and the wastes generated in the form of rubbish. Outdated kiln construction leads to an excessive air leakage. Conventional small chimney leads to excessive temperature. The Department of Environment should be more procative to deal with the menace. Almost all brick kilns in the country do not follow the Brick Kiln Ordinance. The land on which the kilns are built becomes less fertile, the thick black smoke causes health problems like nausea, headache, asthma etc as well as skin diseases.
Remedy: Since we are the members of an environment. We want its remedy to make a suitable environment. It is an urgent need to create awareness among the ignorant and uncareful people. If this does not become fruitful, tough and necessary steps should be taken against those who are guilty of polluting the environment. Such people should heavily be fined, taxed and even sentenced to jail. Anti-pollution law should be made, enforced and strictly practiced. The Department of Environment has made it compulsory For the brick field owners to install 120 feet high chimneys in all kilns. But surely there must be a policy in place to regulate the
Conclusion: A certain balance between the vairous elements hat goes in the making of our environment is also essential for eeping it healthy, vibrant and life-sustaining. Any imbalance caused by addition of too much undesirable, substance in the air, water, natural resources etc results in pollution. Besides natural resources, he nation’s real wealth is the people. Each and every nation wants human development to the maximum. As man is the crowning glory of creation, so his activities should aim at giving man a long, ealthy, meaningful, happy and creative life. For environmental rotection we must bring to bear every means at our command to ght the menace on war footing.