Jute is a kind of fiber. It is obtained from the bark of jute plants. In fact, jute grows in a large quantity in Bangladesh. It is golden in color. It is the most important asset of our country. Jute is mainly grown in Bangladesh. It also grows in West Bengal, India, Thailand, China and the Philippines. But Bangladesh grows the best jute. The districts of Mymensingh, Comilla, Noakhali, Rangpur, Faridpur, Dhaka and Pabna are famous for jute cultivation. Jute grows well in a moist climate, in low land and wet soil. At first, cultivators plow the land in the month of April or May. Then the seeds are sown. At that time rain falls now and then. Cultivators manure the lands. Plants come out in a few days. When they grow up to one foot or so, the fields are needed.
Jute plants grow by leaps and bounds with the advent of rainfall. If there is no rain, there is a want of water; so the plants can not grow well. After about three or four months, the plants grow about ten or twelve feet high. The crop is reaped in the month of July or August. Cultivators then bind the stalk into bundles. The bundles are kept under water to be rotten for some days. The fibers gradually become soft and loose. Then the fibers are taken out and washed in clean water and dried in the sun. The fibers look golden at this stage. These are tied up into bundles. Jute is thus made ready for sale. It is widely used in modern civilization. Gunny cloths, gunny bags, carpets, ropes are made of jute. Besides, these furnishings, tapestries, shopping bags, travel bags etc. are also made of jute. The stalks are used as fuel and fence. We need jute always in our day to day life.
Jute is, therefore, very useful to us. It is an important source of income for the cultivators who produce it. It is our cash crop. Bangladesh earns a lot of foreign exchange by exporting jute. The progress and prosperity of our country mainly depend on it. It is our national wealth too. So, it is called ‘The Golden Fibre’ of Bangladesh. Therefore, we should take care of its cultivation for the improvement of the jute industries.
Composition About JUTEJute is a kind of fiber. It is obtained from the jute plant. Once Bangladesh was famous for the cultivation of jute. Then Bangladesh produced almost all the jute produced in the whole world. This country also earned a lot of foreign exchange by exporting jute to the other countries of the world. But this country has left its golden time behind. Because of some mistakes and lack of innovation, Bangladesh has failed to use the full potential of this golden crop.
Cultivation of Jute: The weather and land of Bangladesh are very suitable for the cultivation of jute. For the cultivation of jute, the land is plowed well. Then seeds are sown in Falgun and Chaitra. Enough rain is necessary for the cultivation of jute. Jute plants grow like straight sticks. When they grow from twelve to fifteen feet high, they are then cut, bound in bundles and kept under water for about fifteen days. When the plants get rotten, they are taken out of the water. The fibers are then separated from the stalk washed and dried in the sun. The fibers are then made into bundles and sold on the market.
Uses: Jute is a very high-quality fiber. Different useful things are made from jute. Some household items that are made from jute include carpet, mat, bag, and rope. Nowadays paper, cloth, plastic etc. are also made from jute. Boards made from jute plants can be used as a substitute for planks Stalks of jute plant is used as fuel and for partition
Where Grown: Jute is grown mainly in Bangladesh. Recently it is also grown in India and Thailand.
Causes of Miserable Condition of Jute: There is no doubt that Bangladesh has failed to use the potential of jute. First of all, there has been mismanagement in the jute sector. Jute mills of this country have incurred loss over the previous years after the war of independence due to this mismanagement. Secondly, nationalization of jute mills after the war of independence was certainly a mistake.
Lastly, there has been a lack of innovation in the jute sector. As a result, though it had a huge potential, we have failed to make jute attractive to people.
Corrective Measures: Some measures may be taken to recover the lost glory of the jute industry.
First of all, the lot of jute cultivators will have to be improved by providing a loan, subsidy and other facilities.
Secondly, steps will have to be taken so that the jute cultivators get the proper price of their produce. In this respect, the government should purchase jute from the cultivators at the proper time and at the proper price.
Thirdly, innovations and diversification should be encouraged and necessary measures ought to be undertaken. Lastly, new jute mills should be set up and the productivity of the old ones should be ensured
Conclusion: Jute is a great asset for us. So, we should take steps to make proper use of this asset.