Paragraph & Essay

International Mother Language Day / 21st February Paragraph

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  • Abdul Aouwal
  • June 12, 2024
  • 9 min Read

Here I have added some categories of writing on international mother language day or 21st February which is also known as Martyrs Day. From these, one student can easily find out the suitable one for them.

International Mother Language Day Paragraph 

The very first element of nationality is the mother tongue. Our mother tongue is Bangla. We have to struggle and sacrifice life to get the freedom speaking. Our brave people sacrifice their blood for the sake of Mother's tongue on 21st February 1952. In November 1999, in the UNESCO announced Ekushey February as the ' International Language Day ‘. Our Mother language gained the international recognition by this announcement. Here you will get 21st February- International Mother Language Day Paragraph and various discussion about 21st February

Background of 21st February

Bangladesh is the only country in the world that has sacrificed their lives and run movement in her mother tongue. On 14 August 1947, Pakistan gained independence. Immediately after independence, the government of Pakistan took the initiative to make the language of Urdu as a state language. In 1947, a resolution was adopted to make Urdu the state language of Pakistan.

But at that time most of the people of Pakistan expressed their feelings in the Bangla language. In the same context, on March 11, 1948, the first movement was demonstrated in East Bengal demanding Bangla language. Sheikh Mujib was arrested on this issue. On March 21, 1948, the governor of Pakistan declared Urdu as Pakistan's only state language. On February 20, 1952, the condition of Section 144 was declared in whole Dhaka.

But on February 21, 1952, the meeting was held in Amtala of Dhaka University. Section 144 violated and rallies were held. Police shot and martyred Salam, Rafiq, Jabbar, Barkat, Shafiur, and many others. In the same context, the All-Party State Language Council headed by Maulana Bhasani decided to observe the” Language Day " on February 21, 1952.

Entrepreneur of Recognition

"Mother Language Of The World" is the first organization of Canadian emigrant Bangalis to undertake such initiatives. But according to UN recommendations, they requested the Bangladesh Education Ministry to take such an initiative. Later on receiving the approval of the Prime Minister on September 9, 1999, the formal proposal was sent to UNESCO headquarters. On October 28, 1999, the Minister of Education in the UNESCO General Assembly proposed to declare Ekushey February as ' International Mother Language Day '. 27 countries support this proposal to support 27 countries. On November 17, 1999, at the 31st Conference of the UNESCO " February 21st, " International Mother language Day' As a celebration. Bangla language has now been recognized as the sweetest of the world.

International Mother Language Day

21 February will be changed every year as International Mother Language Day. In the 188 countries of the world "21st February 1952", we will celebrate Amar Ekushey February ' International Mother Language Day ' with a deep respect for martyrs in our great language movement. By which all the nation, including small minorities and nations, will be encouraged to defend their mother language and take a strong commitment to carry its heritage.

The significance of ' International Mother Language Day

The most powerful tool to preserve the cultural heritage i/h2s the language. The introduction of mother language will not only promote linguistic diversity and much language-based education. It will contribute to the development and understanding of linguistic and cultural heritage. World solidarity will be strengthened based on mutual understanding, tolerance, and dialogue. Therefore, 'International Mother Language Day' will play an effective role in the development and spread of mother language. In this, all small nations of the world will inspire their language to become more prosperous and powerful. On the other hand, we would be proud to be known by the Bengali nation, at the international level.

International Mother Language Day Celebration

On 21 February every year, we pay tribute to the martyrs' by respecting their souls. We celebrate Mother's Day with the flowers of the martyr's bed with the purity and fervour of all hearts. Like our country, 188 countries like our country are celebrated as 'International Mother Language Day'. They glorify our language martyrs by remembering all the whiteness of the heart. What's bigger than that, what's a big demand and what's ours? We are a truly proud nation. We are proud of our mother tongue. The martyrs have reached us in the honour of the world. Their blood donation has been successful. Today, hundreds of thousands of people live in the world court;

"Amar Vaier Rokte Rangano Ekushe February"

Motherland is a blossomed flower and its fragrance is the mother tongue. That is why people are tied with mother tongue and mother tongue. A nation is nurtured and developed by resorting to mother language. Nation, imagination, the passion of the soul, the craving, the love of the heart is transformed through the mother language. So the mother tongue is like a mother. And those who want to take away this mother tongue have to resist them, even in exchange for blood. It was our history that our Brave people, Our glorification is not only our history, we also celebrate Worldwide as "International Mother Language Day".


Introduction: The language movement was a very important event in the history of Bengali nation as well as the world history as no other nation has shed blood for its mother tongue. Now it is a matter of pride and the great honour to us as UNESCO has declared the 21st of February, the Martyrs Day, as the International Mother Language Day.

The language movement took place in 1952 in the then East Pakistan. People organized the movement demanding that Bengali should be declared as the official language. On the 21st February 1952 police fired in a rally and killed several people including Salam, Jabbar and Rafique. The movement eventually led to the liberation of the country.

It was proposed to the UNESCO by a body of Bangladeshi people to declare the 215 February as International Mother Language Day. Bangladesh Government officially supported the proposal. After judging the significance of the day, UNESCO considered it a matter of pride to declare the 21st February as the International Mother Language Day. The Government of Bangladesh celebrated the decision on the 7th of December 1999.

There are more than 4,000 official languages in this world. Some of the richest languages are English, Arabic, French, Russian, Chinese, Persian, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Hebrew and German. Among all those languages Bengali has occupied a special position due to its language movement. More than 230 million people speak in this language. So, we should remain vigilant to make this language richer with our contributions

21st February Paragraph

Question: Write a paragraph on 'The 21 February' answering the following questions.

(a) What is the 21st February? /What is the international Mother
Language Day? What is the significance of the 21st February?
(b) What is the historical background of our mother tongue day?
(c) What do we do on this day?
(d) How do we celebrate this day?
(e) When was the day declared as International Mother Language Day?
(f) How important is the day for the people of Bangladesh?

The 21st February/The Shaheed Day/The International Mother Language Day Mother Language means a language that is used by the people of a country to express their ideas, thoughts, feelings and emotions. The 21 February is the International Mother Language Day. It is a red-letter day in the history of Bangladesh. Our mother language day has a glorious historical background. The then Pakistani rulers wanted to impose Urdu as the state language upon us instead of Bangle.

But the heroic sons of our country protested it. The students brought out a procession on 21st February in 1952 and the police opened fire on the procession and Salam, Jabber, Barkat, Rafiq died on the spot. For this reason, this day is observed as International Mother Language Day. Every year we remember this day with profound respect. On this day, everybody holds a black badge and walk to the Shaheed Minar barefooted. They go there to offer flowers on the altar of the Shaheed Minar to show respect to the martyrs. Different social, cultural, and political parties observe the day. The day is a government holiday. Bangladesh Betar and various TV channels broadcast special programs on this occasion. UNESCO declared the day as International Mother Language Day, on November 17 in 1999. The day is very important for the people of Bangladesh. We are proud of this day.

International Mother Language Day Essay

Topics Covered: [Introduction, UNESCO'S declaration, Background, Importance, How the observe, Conclusion]

Every nation has some remarkable days. As an independent nation, Bangladesh is not an exception to it. Our Mother Language Day or 21. February is regarded as a memorable day in the history of Bangladesh. In this day, some of our heroics sacrificed their lives for our mother tongue. So, it is also called the “Shaheed Day.' This day was declared as International Mother Language Day by the UNESCO.

Considering the Bangle nationalism and the importance of the day UNESCO declared 21st February as International Mother Language Day. This declaration was made on 17 November 1999.

There is a historic background of the day. On 21st March in 1948, the then Pakistani ruler, Mohammad Ali Jinnah declared that only Urdu would be the state language of Pakistan. All classes of people protested against it. In such circumstances, On 21st February in 1952, a general strike was called all over the country. The then government-imposed section 144 on that day.

On that day some students and public broke the section 144 and brought out a procession from the Dhaka University campus. They were advancing towards. When the procession came at the present Shaheed Minar, the police shot on the procession. As a result, many brave sons including Rafiq, Shafiq, Salam, Barkat, Jabbar were martyred. Then the ruling class was compelled to recognize Bangla as a state language.

The importance of the declaration to the 215 February as International Mother Language Day is really beyond measure. Through observing it, special importance has been given to mother language of all nations. This world recognition of mother tongue will increase the mutual cooperation among all the nations of the world.

Now, 188 countries of the world observe 21st February as International Mother Language Day. The national flag is kept half-mast on this day. Everybody holds a black badge. They walk to the Shaheed Minar on bare footed. They offer flowers on the Shaheed Minar. Different organizations arrange cultural functions. Radio and television broadcast special programs.

We express our gratitude to UNESCO as it declared 21st February as International Mother Language Day. The sacrifice of our heroic nation has been dignified all over the world. Now, we can stand with dignity amongst the nation of the world.

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Hi, I'm Abdul Aouwal

From Bangladesh, I am a blogger who writes about educational topics. My passion is to share knowledge and insights to help others learn and grow


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